Jan 23, 2022  
2018-2019 Catalog 
    
2018-2019 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 

Biology

  
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    BY 1217 - Biological Science II


    An introduction to the study of life featuring: molecular and cellular biology; genetics; metabolism; survey of the animal kingdom; animal organ systems and embryology; survey of the botanical kingdoms; seed plant structure, function, and development; behavior; evolution; and ecology. BY 1116 - Biological Science I  is a prerequisite for Biological Science II. This is the introductory biology sequence for majors other than Biology majors. Permission of the department chairperson is required for biology majors.

    Prerequisite(s):   or  

    2 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory each
    3 credits
  
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    BY 2001 - Botany


    Plant structure, function, and development are studied in this course, followed by a survey of the botanical kingdoms, stressing reproductive cycles and evolution. Laboratory slides and specimens are complemented by field work.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 1214 - Biology II  or BY 1217 - Biological Science II .

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hour Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 2003 - Genetics


    This course includes a study of Mendelian principles, population genetics, and the modern molecular concepts of the gene and its action. An emphasis is placed upon relating modern developments in this science to basic principles as well as applying those principles in the analysis of genetic data derived from selective breeding experiments, pedigree analyses, population studies, and studies of the molecular system that stores, transmits, and translates inherited information.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 1113 - Biology I  or BY 1116 - Biological Science I .

    3 hours Lecture
    3 credits
  
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    BY 2004 - Genetics Laboratory


    An introduction to classical and current molecular genetics techniques for studying reproduction and inheritance patterns in living organisms. Designed to provide the “hands-on” experience to facilitate understanding of genetic phenomena. The format is flexible to allow adequate time for the needs of the organisms and procedures. Required of biology majors. Can be scheduled anytime concurrent with or after passing Genetics.

    3 hours Laboratory
    1 credit
  
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    BY 2010 - Introduction to Aquaculture


    An introduction to the science of aquaculture. The course reviews the history of the science and examines both warm and cold water species. Different rearing systems are studied for the various species. Production, nutrition, diseases, and marketing are also examined.

    Prerequisite(s): high school biology and chemistry required, Introductory College Biology and Chemistry preferred.

    3 hours Lecture
    3 credits
  
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    BY 2108 - Ecology


    A study of the characteristics of populations and how populations of different organisms are integrated to form natural communities. Emphasis is placed on freshwater and terrestrial ecology. The laboratory is concerned with methods used to collect and evaluate ecological data.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 1214 - Biology II  or BY 1217 - Biological Science II .

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 2223 - Comparative Anatomy


    This course presents a comparative study of the structure and evolution of vertebrate organ systems. The laboratory involves a detailed anatomical study of the lamprey, shark, perch, necturus, frog, turtle, pigeon, and cat.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 1214 - Biology II  or BY 1217 - Biological Science II .

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 2235 - Plant Communities


    A study of the components, structure, integration, interactions, habitats and requirements of native plant communities with emphasis on those of the Mid-Atlantic region. Laboratory includes identification and vegetation analysis of local plant communities.

    Prerequisite(s):   or  

    Offered Offered in the Spring Semester of odd-numbered years.

    2 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    3 credits
  
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    BY 2238 - Evolution


    Evolution is the unifying concept of biology. Evolutionary biologists approach the field from two primary perspectives and this course intends to familiarize you with both. One perspective focuses on the process of evolution. Evolutionary biologists with this perspective ask the question of how evolution works. Evolution operates at all scales of biology from molecules to the global biosphere. To understand how genes evolve is not enough to explain how specialization happens or why mass extinctions occur. The study of process focuses us to examine evolutionary mechanisms at all scales of biology. The second perspective focuses on the patterns of evolution. The diversity of life on Earth today is the product of evolutionary history. To understand how we arrived at the diversity observable today, we need to understand what actually happened as evolutionary processes shaped the history of life. This is evolutionary pattern. We will discuss how we reconstruct that history and how e that history can be used to address biological questions that we face in a modern world. The lectures in this course will allow you to develop a deeper understanding of this uniquely important field of biology. But, perhaps more importantly, the class activities will help you develop and refine those skills necessary to becoming an effective scientists, regardless of your interests. You will digest literature, organize discussions, and prepare and deliver presentations. These skills, far more than you ability to memorize the details of our lectures, will prove valuable regardless of your career trajectory.  

    Prerequisite(s): BY 1116   &  BY 1217   Co-requisite: BY-2238L

    3 Hours Lecture, 3 Hours Lab
    4
  
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    BY 2240 - Ornithology


    A review of the biology of birds, including their evolutionary history, anatomy, physiology, and, especially, their behavior. Special attention will be paid to the plight of endangered species and related conservation measures. Students will learn to identify many of the common bird species of eastern North America through slides and frequent bird walks on or near the campus. There will be up to two Saturday field trips. In addition to the textbook and field guide, binoculars will be required.

    Prerequisite(s):   or   

     

    2 hours Lecture
    3 credits

  
  
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    BY 3007 - Entomology


    An introduction to the study of insects, focusing on their uniqueness and importance to the terrestrial biosphere. Topics include systematics, morphology, physiology, and ecology with an emphasis on adaptation. The laboratory work includes the creation of a collection of locally occurring insects and their relatives.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 1113 - Biology I  or BY 1116 - Biological Science I .

    2 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    3 Credits
  
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    BY 3008 - Introduction to Earth and Space Science


    This course develops an appreciation and understanding of the scope and organization of the solar system, Milky Way galaxy and the Universe. The study includes geological, oceanic and meteorological phenomena that continue to shape the planet Earth and maintain it as a habitat for life.

    Prerequisite(s): CH 1203 - General Chemistry II  and BY 1214 - Biology II  or BY 1217 - Biological Science II .

    2 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    3 credits
  
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    BY 3105 - Introduction to the Biology and Ecology of Algae


    This course investigates the classification, physiology and ecology of the major algal groups. It includes practical experience with isolation of specimens from their natural habitats, culture, identification, and microscopic examination.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2001 - Botany .

    2 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    3 credits
  
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    BY 3106 - Introduction to the Biology and Ecology of Fungi


    An investigation of fungal organization, classification, culture, physiology, ecology and biotic associations. This course provides practical experience with the culture, growth, reproduction and microscopic examination of fungi.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2001 - Botany .

    2 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    3 credits
  
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    BY 3123 - Invertebrate Zoology


    A study of the invertebrates with emphasis on their adaptations relating to morphology, physiology, behavior, and life history. The systematic relationships among these animals based on evolution is stressed. A collection of locally occurring invertebrates is required for the laboratory.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 1214 - Biology II  or BY 1217 - Biological Science II .

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 3126 - Limnology


    This course is designed to acquaint the student with the basic biological and physical principles of limnology. Field investigations take advantage of the varied freshwater environments in the area. Plankton and benthos samples, various chemical parameters and physical data are taken in the field, evaluated in the laboratory and discussed in class to help demonstrate these principles. Thus, the student is not only exposed to theory, but also to the practical aspects of field data collection and evaluation.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 1214 - Biology II  or BY 1217 - Biological Science II .

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 3203 - Taxonomy of Vascular Plants


    An introduction to the systematics of vascular plants and principles of identification, nomenclature, and classification. Special emphasis is placed upon relationships among principal orders, families and genera.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2001 - Botany .

    Offered Offered in the Spring Semester of odd numbered years.

    2 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    3 credits
  
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    BY 3208 - Vertebrate Embryology


    This course covers basic development principles, emphasizing frog and chick embryos and their comparison with amphioxus and mammals. Laboratory involves a three-dimensional microscopic study of frog and chick embryos.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2223 - Comparative Anatomy .

    Offered Offered in the Spring Semester of even-numbered years.

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 3210 - Introduction to Bioinformatics


    The goal of this course is to introduce the application of information technology to the study of biological sciences. The students will explore how computer resources and software tools are used to analyze and interpret biological data from animals, plants, and bacteria. Topics range from discussing cutting-edge technologies to the “hands-on” utilization of computer databases and bioinformatics tools. Students will access main bioinformatics websites to learn how to use these resources. No programing is required for this course.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2004  

    2 Hours
    2 Credits
  
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    BY 3221 - Apiculture


    A study of the biology and the keeping of the honey bee. Many pertinent aspects of beekeeping, including establishment of colonies, seasonal management, bee diseases, and queen rearing are discussed in lecture and practiced in the laboratory. The College apiary and extraction facilities are utilized as an integral part of the course.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 1214 - Biology II  or BY 1217 - Biological Science II .

    Offered Offered in the Spring Semester of odd-numbered years.

    2 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    3 credits
  
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    BY 3229 - Immunology


    A comprehensive study of the current underlying principles of immunology (which includes an appreciation of the contributions made by genetics, cellular and molecular biology), with special emphasis placed on human and murine systems. This course is especially designed to explore both classical and modern methods of investigation and analysis, and their direct application in the examination of the step-by-step development of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2003 - Genetics .

    Offered Offered in the fall Semester of odd numbered years.

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 3250 - Tropical Ecology


    A study of tropical ecosystems, biodiversity and conservation. The course includes both a lecture and field excursion component. In lecture, students learn the basics of Neotropical animals, plants, and ecosystems. Students travel to Costa Rica over spring break for 10 days. Time is spent visiting tropical lowland rain forest, lower montane rain forest, cloud forest, upper montane oak forest, elfin forest, and paramo. In many cases, both secondary and primary forests are included.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2108 - Ecology .

    Offered Offered in the spring semester.

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hour Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 3251 - Human Anatomy


    Human Anatomy

    3 Hours Lecture
    4
  
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    BY 3251L - Human Anatomy Lab


    Human Anatomy Lab

    3 Hours Lab
    0
  
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    BY 4110 - Seminar (Biology)


    Topics of contemporary biological interest are presented and discussed by the students. Students are encouraged to use the principles learned in previous courses as a basis for critical discussion. Required of senior Biology majors.

    1 hour Discussion
    1 credit
  
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    BY 4132 - Human Physiology


    In this course the systems of the human body are examined at the cellular, tissue, and organ levels from a functional perspective. General physiological principles and relationships, rather than clinical aspects of physiology, are emphasized. With the exception of exercises on neurophysiology and muscle physiology, students serve as experimental subjects in the laboratory.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2223 - Comparative Anatomy .

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 4152 - Selected Topics I


    Special projects are undertaken to meet individual needs of students in the biological field of major interest, as arranged with a member of the departmental faculty and with the approval of chairperson of the department. Electives for Biology juniors and seniors.

    3 hours scientific effort and conference each
    1 credit
  
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    BY 4155 - Molecular Biology


    A review of macromolecular structure followed by detailed study of genetic control mechanisms and recent developments in recombinant DNA technology. The laboratory includes experience with bacterial and viral populations and molecular immunology as well as several exercises on the chemistry of DNA.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 3002 - General Microbiology .

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 4156 - Eukaryotic Cell Biology


    This course emphasizes the molecular basis of cell structure and function in relation to cell, organ, and organism physiology in health and disease with a focus on vertebrate animals. The molecular basis of protein function is explored and the biophysical basis of cellular reactions is developed. Subcellular and extracellular macromolecular structure and dynamics are investigated in relation to their physiological function. Signaling pathways are investigated and explored in relation to the role in development, heath and disease. Students who successfully complete this course will be well prepared for Professional or Graduate School or careers in the Biomedical Sciences.

    Prerequisite(s):   or   and   .

    Offered Fall

    3
  
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    BY 4206 - Microbial Diversity


    An advanced microbiology course which will cover the study of the wide range of biological diversity among bactera.  The importance of the human microbiome will also be covered.  The lab will focus on the current techniques used to study microbial diversity.

    3 Hours Lecture
    4 Credits
  
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    BY 4206L - Determtv Microbio


    Determtv Microbio


    3 Hours Lab
    0
  
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    BY 4208 - Quantitative Ecology


    This course focuses on the design and application of the most commonly used quantitative methods in field ecology. Students will become familiar with the methods necessary to design experiments, analyze data, present results, and understand how to read and critique scientific publications. Topics discussed are applicable to most areas of field ecology, covering descriptive statistics, graphical representation, and the most common parametric and non-parametric tests used in field research. Students will be introduced to the statistical computing free-ware ‘R.’



    Prerequisite(s): Take BY 2108 - Ecology   and one of the following: MP 3231 - Statistics for Science   , MP 3250 - Biostatistics   , or MP 1204 - Calculus I .

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits

  
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    BY 4218 - Histology


    This course emphasizes the study of the microanatomy of mammalian organ systems with particular attention to humans. The structure and function of cellular and tissue components is a primary focus, and their relationship to organ and system functions is explored. The laboratory section includes the examination of cell and tissue components, and students are exposed to current histological techniques.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2223 - Comparative Anatomy  or  

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 4250 - Virology


    This course will introduce students to the field of virology. Upon completion of the course, the student should have a basic understanding of the general structure and molecular biology of viruses, the classification of viruses, the interaction of viruses with their host cells and viral diseases.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2003 - Genetics  and BY 3002 - General Microbiology .

    Offered Offered in the Spring Semester of odd-numbered years.

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 4253 - Selected Topics II


    Special projects are undertaken to meet individual needs of students in the biological field of major interest, as arranged with a member of the departmental faculty and with the approval of chairperson of the department. Electives for Biology juniors and seniors.

    3 hours scientific effort and conference each
    1 credit
  
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    BY 4257 - Comparative Physiology


    This course features an examination of physiological and associated anatomical adaptations in selected invertebrates and vertebrates living in a variety of aquatic and terrestrial environments.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 2223 - Comparative Anatomy    

    Offered Offered in the Spring Semester of odd-numbered years.

    3 hours Lecture and 3 hours Laboratory
    4 credits
  
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    BY 4258 - Histology


    This course emphasizes the microanatomical study of mammalian organ systems with a focus on humans. The structure and function of cellular and tissue components is a primary focus and their relationship to organ and organ system function is explored. The laboratory activities include histochemical staining of tissues, and the examination of subcellular, cellular and tissue structures in relation to physiological function in health an disease. Students who successfully complete this course will be well prepared for Professional and Graduate School or careers in the Biomedical Sciences.

    Prerequisite(s):   or   .

    Offered Spring

    3 hours lecture, 3 hours lab.
    4

Biology: Specialized Methods and Techniques

  
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    SR 4041 - Student Research


    This course is designed for students of all majors who are of sophomore status and above with a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.7 and who have a serious desire and potential to undertake a research project. After obtaining the approval of a faculty mentor, students intending to register for student research will need to submit a 1-2 page proposal to the Student Research Committee for approval. Proposals should include an abstract, project timeline, budget, and any funding requests. For registration in the fall semester, a proposal should be submitted no later than April 20 and for registration in the spring semester, a proposal should be submitted no later than Nov. 20. Once approved, registration is through the student’s departmental chair. Students, mentors and committee members will meet throughout the semester, with student presentations at the end of the semester. Contact hours dependent on number of credits registered for this course.

    1-3 credits

Biotechnology

  
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    BT 3000 - Introduction to Biotechnology


    An interdisciplinary course designed to provide increased familiarity with the concepts, objectives, techniques, ethical and regulatory considerations in the developing areas of biotechnology. Topics include: molecular genetics, bacteria, viruses, and applications in biological, medical, food, plant and animal sciences.

    Prerequisite(s): BY 1214 - Biology II , or BY 1217 - Biological Science II , and CH 2203 - Biochemistry .

    Note: Meets the requirements for certification in Education, General Science and Biology minors. Does not substitute for Molecular Biology. Offered Offered in Fall Semester.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BT 3001 - Introduction to Biotechnology Laboratory


    This is a one-credit laboratory course offered in conjunction with BT 3000 . Laboratory sessions provide students with hands-on experiences with commonly used methods and procedures in biotechnology. This experience is designed to improve employment opportunities for the students and to enhance their understanding of the lecture material.

    Prerequisite(s): BT 3000 - Introduction to Biotechnology  taken previously or concurrently.

    Offered Spring semester.

    3 hours Laboratory
    1 credit
  
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    SR 4041 - Student Research


    This course is designed for students of all majors who are of sophomore status and above with a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.7 and who have a serious desire and potential to undertake a research project. After obtaining the approval of a faculty mentor, students intending to register for student research will need to submit a 1-2 page proposal to the Student Research Committee for approval. Proposals should include an abstract, project timeline, budget, and any funding requests. For registration in the fall semester, a proposal should be submitted no later than April 20 and for registration in the spring semester, a proposal should be submitted no later than Nov. 20. Once approved, registration is through the student’s departmental chair. Students, mentors and committee members will meet throughout the semester, with student presentations at the end of the semester.

    Contact hours dependent on number of credits registered for this course
    1-3 credits

Business Administration

  
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    BA 4XX2 - Ethics in Business


    Ethics are standards that people use to decide what is right and what is wrong. Businesses are run by people who may have standards that vary considerably both internally among its employees and externally compared to other businesses. Employees can face situations where their own moral standards seem to conflict with the company for which they work. This course is designed to help the student recognize the ethical issues in business situations and to develop a framework for making ethical choices.

  
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    BA 1005 - Introduction to Business


    This course is designed to give the student a basic overview of the organization and management of the enterprise. The course includes a study of the characteristics of economic systems; the nature and functions of management; and the basic organizational functions of finance, marketing, operations, and human resources.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 1010 - Management Concepts


    An introductory course in the study of business management and the various managerial skills necessary to make the decision-making process work. The course will focus on the different aspects of the business environment and concentration on the basic skills required of managers.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 2008 - Macroeconomics


    This course provides students with a background to understand the nature, forces, behaviors and institutions that comprise the U.S. economic system. The student is introduced to economic thinking, concepts, principles, laws and models found in the field of macroeconomics. Students explore macroeconomics through topics and their related issues. Some topics studied are: economic systems, market systems, demand and supply, functions of private and public sectors in the U.S. economy, National Income Accounting, Business Cycle: unemployment, inflation, and growth, Employment Theory, Fiscal Policy, money and banking and monetorism.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 2017 - Principles of Marketing


    The course focuses on management of the marketing functions, including marketing research, product planning, distribution channels, pricing, promotion, personal selling and advertising. New techniques and trends in marketing, as well as governmental rules and regulations will be examined. Emphasis is on consumer and industrial markets.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior Status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 2020 - Ethics in Business


    Ethics are standards that people use to decide what is right and what is wrong. Businesses are run by people who may have standards that vary considerably both internally among its employees and externally compared to other businesses. Employees can face situations where their own moral standards seem to conflict with the company for which they work. This course is designed to help the student recognize the ethical issues in business situations and to develop a framework for making ethical choices. 

    3 Credits
  
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    BA 2123 - Principles of Accounting I


    in Accounting I. For Accounting II, corporations, partnerships, cost accounting, budgeting, statement analysis, fund flow analysis, and taxes are among the topics covered. Students review business financial statements and analyze reports. Ethics - the professional standards of conduct are emphasized in both courses. The importance of proper ethical conduct by all businessmen and women, in particular, accountants, makes the business system work. The introduction of International Accounting Standards is discussed.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion each
    3 credits
  
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    BA 2161 - Business Law I


    The first course introduces the student to the legal and social environment of business, contracts, personal property and bailments, sales and personal property. The second course stresses commercial paper, debtor - creditor relations, risk management, agency and employment, legal forms of business organization, real property and estates.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion each
    3 credits
  
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    BA 2210 - Microeconomics


    The emphasis of this course is on understanding decisions that individuals and businesses make in the modern economy. An analysis of different market structures is explored using such tools as economic cost and profit, and marginal analysis. Additionally, a detailed look at the government’s interactive role with the economy is explored.

    Prerequisite(s):  

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 2224 - Principles of Accounting II


    These two courses in principles of accounting present accounting principles and practices at the basic level. Sole proprietorship, the accounting cycle, journals, internal control, receivables, inventories, vouchers, depreciation and financial statements are among the topics covered in the first part. To emphasize the role of accounting in decision making, a practice set is included in Accounting I. For Accounting II, corporations, partnerships, cost accounting, budgeting, statement analysis, fund flow analysis, and taxes are among the topics covered. Students review business financial statements and analyze reports. Ethics - the professional standards of conduct are emphasized in both courses. The importance of proper ethical conduct by all businessmen and women, in particular, accountants, makes the business system work. The introduction of International Accounting Standards is discussed.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2123 - Principles of Accounting I  is a prerequisite for Principles of Accounting II.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion each
    3 credits
  
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    BA 2225 - Accounting Fundamentals


    This course presents accounting fundamentals at the basic level. It is designed to meet the needs of non-business majors who require an understanding of accounting practices. Topics covered include: the accounting cycle, journals, receivables, inventories, depreciation and financial statements. Discussions will also introduce partnerships and corporations. One of the objectives of this course is to provide the “Big Picture”” while meeting the objective of a first course in accounting identified by the Accounting Education Change Commission. The importance of ethical conduct is discussed and problems are included to have students make judgments of ethical conduct. This course is not available to students in the Business Administration Degree Program.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 2261 - Business Law II


    The first course introduces the student to the legal and social environment of business, contracts, personal property and bailments, sales and personal property. The second course stresses commercial paper, debtor - creditor relations, risk management, agency and employment, legal forms of business organization, real property and estates.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2161 - Business Law I  is a prerequisite for Business Law II, or permission of the instructor.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion each
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3010 - International Business


    International business consists of market and financial transactions between parties from more than one country. These transactions involve different currencies, and are conducted under varying legal, cultural and political situations. The economies of the world are increasingly dependent on one another. Most businesses have some international exposure through customers and/or suppliers. Large companies like Johnson & Johnson and Coca-Cola have more than 50% of their business occurring outside of the U.S. This course gives the student a basic understanding of how businesses operate globally and prepares the student for a business career with international exposures.

    Prerequisite(s): Please see the department chair.

  
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    BA 3016 - Consumer Behavior


    A study of the components that influence the consumer decision-making process including an analysis of the marketing process based on an approach that considers the economic, psychological and sociological aspects of consumer behavior.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2017 - Principles of Marketing  and junior Status.

    3 hours Lecture
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3020 - History of Sports


    This course identifies key historical figures in the history of American sports. It recognizes the diversity of American cultural motivations and social interests and how they connect to the development of recreational activities. It also identifies and describes changes leading to the development of modern professional sports.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3023 - E-Commerce


    This course explores contemporary issues of E-Commerce/Business to Business, and also instructs students on the use of web development tools. This course is a balance between business concepts and computer applications.

    Prerequisite(s):   and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3027 - Human Resource Management


    This course is a study of the environment of the human resource (personnel) function, its legal aspects, planning and recruiting, training and career development, compensation systems, safety and health, motivation and communication, and labor/management relations.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3028 - Supervision and Management


    This course is designed to enhance the supervision and management skills and competencies of the participant. The course provides the individual with knowledge, models, skills and understandings needed for effective supervision and management of the work environment and workforce. The supervisor’s role in the organization’s operation is the course’s focus.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3034 - Real Estate Fundamentals


    The purpose of the course is to acquaint the student with the fundamentals of the real estate business. The course includes: the economics and social importance of real estate, the history of land tenure, the origin of land titles, and the concepts of real property. Instruction is given in the meaning of real estate law as it pertains to deeds and mortgages, interest in real estate and how title is transferred. Special emphasis is given to the preparation of the Pennsylvania Realtor’s Association’s standard Agreement of Sale form, and real estate financing and settlement charges. The student is further instructed in: real estate brokerage, listing, selling, the ethics of the real estate profession, and the rules and regulations of licenses and Agreements of Sale as prescribed by the Pennsylvania Real Estate Commission.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior Status.

    3 hours Lecture
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3040 - Finance for Entrepreneurs


    This is a study of the principles and practices of business finance as an entrepreneur. This course is intended to give the entrepreneur the financial skills necessary to build a business and to promote its profitable growth.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 3127 - Finance .

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3049 - Financial Institutions


    This course ties together the concepts that were first learned in economics and finance. It focuses on the roles of various institutions (stock exchanges, insurance companies, banks, investment banks and brokerages) and the role of the Federal Reserve in creating money and managing the economy. The two newest trends of securitization and globalization are analyzed.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2008 - Macroeconomics  and BA 3127 - Finance .

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3126 - Fundamentals of Investing


    This course will introduce the student to various investing philosophies, types of investments, analytical tools for evaluating investments, and portfolio development. This course will develop these topics using the text, online financial sites, and simulated stock market activities.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2224 - Principles of Accounting II  and BA 3127 - Finance .

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3127 - Finance


    The focus of this course is to develop a working knowledge of financial statements, the cost of money, the trade-off between risk and return, the time value of money and the valuation techniques for stocks and bonds. The completion of this course will provide the student with a knowledge base to move on to more complex areas of finance, investments and financial planning.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2224 - Principles of Accounting II ,   and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3128 - E-Commerce/Business-to-Business


    This course’s objective is to provide the student the basic principles of electronic commerce. It focuses on the foundation of electronic commerce and how electronic commerce has affected the business environment. The student will learn applications and new technologies for business-to-business electronic commerce.

    Prerequisite(s): Familiarity with Windows Operating System.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3129 - Operations Management


    A study of the analyzing, planning, organizing, controlling and operating functions of the executive involved in the operations part of the business.

    Prerequisite(s):  BA 2224 - Principles of Accounting II MP 2215  - Business Statistics, and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3131 - Sports Management and Leadership


    This course is designed to give the student a basic overall understanding of the information needs of the sports manager. This course includes a study of the evolution and scope of sport management, sports ethics, tort and civil liability, facilities management, sports marketing, and the basic techniques of sports economics, budgeting and financing.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 1005 - Introduction to Business  and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
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    BA 3138 - Intermediate Accounting I


    These two courses in intermediate accounting present accounting procedures and theories beyond the principles level. A review of the accounting cycle, preparation of financial statements, analysis of transactions, plant and equipment theory, assets and debits, capital stock and surplus, error correction, and financial statement analysis are among the topics presented in both parts. The new requirements under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act that will combat fraud and poor reporting practices are discussed. Ethics - the professional standards of conduct are emphasized in both courses.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2224 - Principles of Accounting II  for Intermediate Accounting I, Intermediate Accounting I for BA 3239 - Intermediate Accounting II .

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion each
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 3141 - Small Business Management


    A practical, applied and conceptual approach to organizing and operating a small business. Course emphasis is on understanding business operations by working with exercises and problems that present themselves in small business operations. The student will present his/her business plan to the class.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior status. Suggested: BA 2225 - Accounting Fundamentals  and Microcomputer Applications.

    3 hours Lecture, Discussion and Problem Solving
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 3209 - Auditing


    This course presents a conceptual approach to auditing for those students planning to enter the public accounting field or who intend to work in private or commercial accounting. It outlines audit techniques, the philosophy and environment of auditing, the standards required, and the professional, ethical, and legal liability of the auditor.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 3239 - Intermediate Accounting II  and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 3218 - Principles of Online Marketing


    The course objective is to provide the student with the basic principles of Internet planning and marketing. Marketing plan implementation issues are discussed through the use of Internet research. A marketing plan presentation is required using the context of the entire course program.

    Prerequisite(s): Students must be familiar with the Windows Operating System and have some knowledge of marketing.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 3229 - Organizational Behavior


    This course is designed to introduce students to theories, concepts and exercises concerning individual and group behavior in an organizational context and environment. Topics included are: motivation, group process and dynamics, interpersonal communications and influence, leadership and reward, and managing conflict and change. Classroom activities will exemplify the managerial setting and environment.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 3027 - Human Resource Management  or BA 3028 - Supervision and Management  and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 3232 - Marketing Financial Services


    This course explores the nature of service marketing and how it differs from product marketing. The concepts of tangibility, pricing, simultaneity, segmentation and planning will be covered. The make-up of the financial services industry will be reviewed. At the completion of this course, the student will be able to prepare a full marketing plan for a financial service business.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2017 - Principles of Marketing .

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 3233 - Sports Facility Planning and Management


    A study of the planning and the managing of a sports facility; the promotion of the facility image, and the assessment of an actual event from event planning through to box office management.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 3235 - Sports Law


    This course gives the students an overall understanding into the field of the legal process within the sports enterprise, as it relates to contract, tort, constitutional, antitrust and labor laws. Topics covered include The NCAA, global amateur sports, women sports, player agents and criminal racial and social issues.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2161 - Business Law I  and BA 2261 - Business Law II  and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 3239 - Intermediate Accounting II


    These two courses in intermediate accounting present accounting procedures and theories beyond the principles level. A review of the accounting cycle, preparation of financial statements, analysis of transactions, plant and equipment theory, assets and debits, capital stock and surplus, error correction, and financial statement analysis are among the topics presented in both parts. The new requirements under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act that will combat fraud and poor reporting practices are discussed. Ethics - the professional standards of conduct are emphasized in both courses.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2224 - Principles of Accounting II  for BA 3138 - Intermediate Accounting I , BA 3138 - Intermediate Accounting I  for Intermediate Accounting II.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion each
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 3240 - Risk Management and Insurance


    Course covers the basic ideas, problems, and principles found in all types of modern insurance and other methods of handling risk. It emphasizes the fundamental unifying elements of risk and insurance. It focuses on critical thinking and problem solving as it pertains to the problem of risk and insurance.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 3360 - Law for Entrepreneurs


    This course introduces to business students the business law and government regulation of business fields that are critical to successful entrepreneurial endeavors.

    Prerequisite(s):  

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4016 - Senior Special Topics


    An independent study course for degree candidates with senior standing who wish, with the approval of the Department Chairperson, to investigate special business topics in depth.

    Prerequisite(s): Senior status

    1-3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4016 - Senior Special Topics


    An independent study  course  for degree candidates with  senior  standing who  wish,  with  the approval of the  Department Chairperson, to investigate special business topics  in  depth.  Prerequisite: Senior  status
     
     
     


    0 Hours Lecture
    1
  
  •  

    BA 4020 - Fraud Examination


    This course presents a broad overview of the nature and magnitude of fraud as it affects the global economy. Develop an understanding of the role of the accounting profession in preventing and detecting fraud. Understand the importance of ethics and values in combating fraud.

    Prerequisite(s):   and Senior Status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4036 - Federal Corporate Income Tax


    This course is an introduction to federal taxation as it applies to corporations. The course will cover corporate formations, operations, capital structure, liquidation, pass-through entities such as partnerships and S corporations will be studied as compared to the traditional C corporate structure.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2123 - Principles of Accounting I  and BA 2224 - Principles of Accounting II , and Senior status.

    Offered Offered in the Evening only.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4041 - Marketing Research


    Focus on the marketing research process as an aid in marketing decision making. Defining marketing problems, identifying marketing information needs, developing methods to gather information, and applying research results to marketing problems.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2017 - Principles of Marketing  and Senior status.

    3 hours Lecture
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4043 - Professional Development Seminar


    A weekly series of workshops presented by local employers to help students prepare for their transition from college to a career in business, education and government. The student will enhance their professional development skills which are necessary to be successful in today’s competitive workplace.

    Prerequisite(s): Senior status.

    1 hour Lecture and Discussion
    1 credit
  
  •  

    BA 4044 - Marketing Management


    This course studies the strategies used by marketing managers to solve business problems. The course uses case studies and computer simulations as teaching tools. Students analyze constraints and opportunities and forumulate marketing plans.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2017 - Principles of Marketing  and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4047 - The Governance of Sports in a Global Community


    This course provides an opportunity for advanced in-depth study of the governing organization of sports at all levels in the global community. Selected topics include: international sport governance, the Olympic movement, national sport policies, and the selection process at international sporting events.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4119 - Estate Planning


    This course introduces the student to the process of developing an estate plan. The course investigates why there is a need for estate planning, identifies possible goals of the plan and explains techniques commonly used to achieve these goals. The probate process, the Federal Unified Tax System, gift taxation, trusts, marital deductions, bypass planning, and postmortem planning techniques will be addressed.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2161 - Business Law I  and BA 2261 - Business Law II  and BA 4236 - Federal Income Tax .

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4132 - Industrial Relations


    A study of current labor/management relations, federal labor law, and a summary of labor history and labor economics. A simulation regarding collective bargaining is included.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 3027 - Human Resource Management  and Senior Status or permission of Instructor.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4144 - Advanced Accounting


    This course in Advanced Accounting presents techniques and theories beyond the intermediate level. Consolidations, governmental and not-for-profit accounting are among the topics discussed.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 3239 - Intermediate Accounting II  and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4145 - Sports Marketing and Media Relations


    A study of the basic principle of marketing and how it applies to sports, leisure and recreation. Provides the student an overview of the mass media industry as they interface with the sport industry.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2017 - Principles of Marketing  and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4146 - Sales


    This course deals with the behavioral science approach to vendor/vendee relations. Problems concerning communication, organization, and motivation are discussed. Heavy emphasis is placed on understanding the selling process through person-to-person and group selling situations. This course also includes the use of case studies and role play exercises.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2017 - Principles of Marketing  and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4233 - Personal Finance


    Personal Finance introduces students to the concepts, tools and applications for financial planning to responsibly meet current obligations, while organizing resources for future opportunities, building toward a secure retirement. The basic topics of - Incomes, Benefits, Deductions, Taxes, Budgeting, Banks & Banking, Savings & Investments, Credit (Debt) and Insurance - are taught using games, simulations and additional interactive techniques to insure learning through practice. This course may qualify for E-360 credit with approval of Department Chair.

    3 hours Lecture, Activities, and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4235 - Financial and Retirement Planning


    Financial and Retirement Planning

    Prereq/Corequisite Take BA 3126  and BA 3240  

    3 Credits
  
  •  

    BA 4236 - Federal Income Tax


    A study of the federal tax system, its history and significant federal legislation. The student reviews individual federal tax returns and tax planning procedures. The influence of taxes on business is also discussed. The student will prepare tax returns on a computer-based package.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2123 - Principles of Accounting I  and BA 2224 - Principles of Accounting II  and Junior status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4239 - International Trade


    A study of the theory and practice of international trade and its application to current problems and policies, including such topics as tariffs, quotas, international payments, economic unions of foreign states, and foreign exchange.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2210 - Microeconomics , BA 2017 - Principles of Marketing , BA 3127 - Finance , Senior status and completion of all Business core courses or with permission of instructor.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4241 - Financing Sports Operations


    A study of financial concepts and their application to the sports environment, including analysis of obtaining public funding through financing sports activities, selling and pricing of sports tickets, sale of licensed products and services, sale of concessions, and exploring types of sponsorship benefits.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2123 - Principles of Accounting I , BA 2224 - Principles of Accounting II , BA 3127 - Finance  and Junior Status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  
  •  

    BA 4244 - Management Seminar


    Management Seminar is designed as an advanced capstone course for all business majors. This course represents an opportunity for all business majors to review, extend and apply all previous coursework completed in the business curriculum using strategic planning as a framework. This course will combine theory and practice, and will require active participation in a computer simulation game in which students will develop a cohesive strategy, formulate a business plan, “manage” a company, and report the results to a Board of Directors.

    Prerequisite(s):   ,   ,   and Senior Status.

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
  
  •  

    BA 4247 - Advertising


    Planning, implementing, and evaluating advertising and sales promotion activities. Determining advertising objectives, selection of campaign themes and media, evaluating advertisements and campaigns, controlling advertising and promotion expenditures, the client-agency relationship, regulations and the social and economic effects of advertising.

    Prerequisite(s): BA 2017 - Principles of Marketing .

    3 hours Lecture and Discussion
    3 credits
 

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